(i)Petroleum and natural gas - Oloibiri, Bayelsa State
(ii)Coal - enugu state
(iii)Bitumen - ogun state
(iv)Iron ore - Itakpe, Kogi State
(i)Mining leads to the degradation of soil quality, fertility and makes it toxic.
(ii)Natural vegetation get adversely effected due to leached trace element.
(iii)The major consequences of mining is the deforestation which results in loss of flora and fauna.
(iv)It directly affect the ecosystem and its stability as many species are killed due to toxicity of water and soil and loss of habitat
(i)increasing the efficiency of manufacturing processes to reduce the demand for new minerals.
(ii)Industries should be located away from residential arena
-Temperature or weather
-Availability of natural resources
(i)Depletion of Natural Resources: The effects of overpopulation are quite severe. The first of these is the depletion of resources. The Earth can only produce a limited amount of water and food, which is falling short of the current needs.
(ii)Degradation of Environment: With the overuse of coal, oil and natural gas, it has started producing some serious effects on our environment. Rise in the number of vehicles and industries have badly affected the quality of air.
(iii)Conflicts and Wars: Overpopulation in developing countries puts a major strain on the resources it should be utilizing for development. Conflicts over water are becoming a source of tension between countries, which could result in wars.
(iv)Rise in Unemployment: When a country becomes overpopulated, it gives rise to unemployment as there fewer jobs to support large number of people.
(i)Better Education: One of the first measures is to implement policies reflecting social change. Educating the masses helps them understand the need to have one or two children at the most. Families that are facing a hard life and choose to have four or five children should be discouraged. Family planning and efficient birth control can help in women making their own reproductive choices. Open dialogue on abortion and voluntary sterilization should be seen when talking about overpopulation.
(ii)Making People Aware of Family Planning: As population of this world is growing at a rapid pace, raising awareness among people regarding family planning and letting them know about serious after effects of overpopulation can help curb population growth. One of the best way is to let them know about various safe sex techniques and contraceptives methods available to avoid any unwanted pregnancy.
(iii)Tax Benefits or Concessions: Government of various countries might have to come with various policies related to tax exemptions to curb overpopulation. One of them might be to waive of certain part of income tax or lowering rates of income tax for those married couples who have single or two children. As we humans are more inclined towards money, this may produce some positive results.
(iv)Knowledge of Sex Education: Imparting sex education to young kids at elementary level should be must. Most parents feel shy in discussing such things with their kids which result in their children going out and look out for such information on internet or discuss it with their peers. Mostly, the information is incomplete which results in sexually active teenagers unaware of contraceptives and embarrassed to seek information about same. It is therefore important for parents and teachers to shed their old inhibitions and make their kids or students aware of solid sex education.
(ii)little human resources availability
(iii)less availability of raw materials
(iv)bad transport system
(v)lack of power or electricity
(i)Industrialization plays an important role in the economic prosperity and growth of a nation.
(ii)industrialized nations have high gross domestic products. their per capita income is comparably higher than agriculture based countries.
(iii)the whole outlook of a nation modernize because of industrialization.
(ii)Increase in national income.
(iv)Increased employment opportunities.