NECO History 2023 Answers

Welcome to this comprehensive article on NECO History 2023 answers. In this engaging piece, we will delve into the intriguing history of NECO examinations, explore the significant events of the year 2023, and provide expert insights into the answers to commonly asked questions. As you journey through this article, you will uncover the experiences, expertise, and authority behind the NECO History 2023 answers, gaining a deeper understanding of this subject matter.

History (Objective & Essay)
10:00am – 1:00pm



(i) Trade and Commerce: Establishing diplomatic ties allowed for enhanced trade and commerce between the states. This brought economic benefits to the states involved as they could exchange goods resources and services in a more organized and mutually beneficial manner.


(ii) Security and Defense: Diplomatic ties fostered a sense of unity and cooperation among the states which was essential for collective security and defense. By collaborating and forming alliances they could better protect themselves against common external threats such as raids from other states or external powers.

(iii) Cultural and Social Exchange: Diplomatic ties provided opportunities for cultural and social exchange. States could share knowledge traditions customs and technologies thereby enriching their own societies. This led to an increased understanding and respect for one another’s cultures fostering a sense of unity and shared identity.

(iv) Conflict Resolution: Diplomatic ties provided a platform for peaceful resolution of conflicts that might arise between states. By engaging in diplomatic negotiations disputes and tensions could be resolved through dialogue and compromise rather than resorting to violence and warfare. This promoted stability and prevented the escalation of conflicts.

(v) Communication and Information Exchange: Diplomatic ties facilitated the exchange of information and communication between states. This was important for keeping abreast of developments sharing news intelligence and coordinating actions which was particularly crucial in times of crisis or emergencies.

(vi) Political and Diplomatic Influence: Establishing diplomatic ties allowed states to gain political and diplomatic influence within the region. By forming alliances and maintaining cordial relations they could raise their stature and gain leverage in regional affairs. This enabled them to negotiate better terms in treaties and agreements and have a voice in regional decision-making.

(vii) Preemption of External Influence: By promoting diplomatic ties amongst themselves the various states aimed to preempt external interference or domination. This was particularly significant at a time when European powers were increasingly expanding their colonial ambitions in Africa. By presenting a united front the states could resist external pressures and maintain their sovereignty to a certain extent.

(i) Geographic barriers: Nigeria’s interior region is characterized by dense rainforests vast savannahs and river systems which posed significant challenges for European exploration and penetration. The difficult terrain hindered easy access to the interior leading Europeans to primarily focus their activities along the coastal areas.

(ii) Disease and health risks: The coastal regions were relatively more accessible to European merchants and explorers but they still faced significant health risks from tropical diseases such as malaria and yellow fever. Europeans had limited knowledge and immunity to these diseases making it dangerous for them to venture too far inland.

(iii) Local resistance: The indigenous populations in Nigeria particularly those in the interior often resisted European encroachment. Many Nigerian ethnic groups had well-established social and political structures that were protective of their territories. They viewed Europeans as potential threats to their sovereignty and resisted their presence.

(iv) Slave trade dynamics: During this period the primary focus of European activities in Nigeria was the transatlantic slave trade. The coast served as a major hub for capturing enslaving and transporting African slaves to the Americas. Therefore Europeans strategically concentrated their activities in the coastal areas where they could easily access and trade with local African slave traders.

(v) Lack of economic incentives: The interior regions of Nigeria were not initially attractive to European traders due to the absence of highly sought-after resources like gold and spices. The coastal areas on the other hand provided access to valuable commodities such as palm oil ivory and later on groundnuts which motivated European traders to stay along the coastline.

(vi) Technological limitations: Europeans faced technological limitations in terms of transportation and communication which further restricted their activities to the coast. Without efficient means of transportation and communication venturing into the interior would have been logistically challenging and economically unviable.

(i) Demographic Disruption: The slave trade resulted in a significant loss of population in Nigeria. It is estimated that millions of people were captured and forcibly transported as slaves to the Americas. This large-scale forced migration created demographic instability and imbalances in various regions with some areas experiencing severe depopulation.

(ii) The slave trade during this period. Many coastal regions such as Lagos and Calabar became major trade hubs for slave auctions. European powers particularly the British established forts and trading posts in these regions manipulating local rulers to facilitate the capture and sale of slaves. This exploitation led to the extraction of Nigeria’s human capital and natural resources depriving the country of significant economic development.

(iii) Political Instability: The slave trade and its associated activities such as raiding and wars to capture slaves created political instability in Nigeria. Many kingdoms and communities engaged in conflicts with each other to gain control over territories and capture slaves. The rise of slave trading power dynasties further exacerbated these conflicts and weakened traditional political structures. This instability continued even after the abolition of the slave trade as power struggles persisted between different factions seeking to control economic resources.

(iv) Cultural Loss: The trans-Atlantic slave trade had a lasting impact on Nigerian culture. With the forced migration of millions of people many cultural practices traditions and languages were lost. The descendants of those who were captured and sold as slaves in the Americas often struggled to maintain their cultural identities and heritage resulting in a loss of cultural continuity.

(i) Agriculture: Agriculture formed the backbone of the Nupe economy. The kingdom was situated in a fertile region along the Niger River and benefited from favorable agricultural conditions.

(ii) Trade: The Nupe Kingdom was strategically located along important trade routes, serving as a middleman between the Saharan and West African regions. The kingdom facilitated the trade of goods such as salt, kola nuts, cotton, ivory, slaves, and other commodities.

(iii) Tribute: The Nupe Kingdom had a centralized political structure with a hierarchical system of administration. Local chiefs and rulers within the kingdom owed allegiance to the Nupe king, and they paid tribute in the form of goods, livestock, or labor.

(iv) Taxes: Nupe rulers likely imposed taxes on their subjects, including levies on land, livestock, and economic activities.

(v) Craftsmanship and Artistry: The Nupe people were known for their skilled craftsmanship and artistic traditions. They produced a wide range of goods, including pottery, textiles, woodcarvings, metalwork, and leather goods.

(vi) Tribute from Conquered Territories: The Nupe Kingdom expanded through military conquests, incorporating neighboring territories and kingdoms. Conquered regions would have paid tribute to the Nupe rulers, providing additional revenue streams.

(i)The central legislative council: It was renamed the House of Representatives. The president was the Governor and it had 6 ex- official members. 136 representative members were through the regional houses and 6 special members were nominated by the Governor. The North sent 68 members while the West and East had 34 members which made up the 136 representatives.

(ii)The Central Executive Council: This was known as the council of ministers. The Governor was the president and there were6 official members, 12 ministers of which 4 represented each region. They were in charge of government departments and appointed by the governor on the recommendation of the regional legislature.

(iii)The Regional Legislature: The Northern and Western regions each had a bi-cameral House of Assembly and Chiefs. The Eastern region had only the power to make laws on certain issues like local matters, native courts, health, etc.

(iv)Regional Executive Council: Each region had an executive council. The Lieutenant Governor was the president and it had 5 official members and 9 ministers. They advised the governor but he could accept or reject their advice.

(v)The colony of Lagos was part of the Western region.

(vi)The three provinces were renamed, Western, Eastern and Northern regions.

(vii)The three chief commissioners for each province were renamed Lieutenant governors.

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NECO History 2023 Answers: A Brief Overview

The National Examinations Council (NECO) is a reputable examination body in Nigeria, responsible for conducting examinations at the secondary school level. NECO’s history dates back to its establishment in April 1999, following the federal government’s decision to dissolve the defunct Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) and the National Examinations Council (NECO). Over the years, NECO has played a vital role in assessing the academic performance of students across the country.

Unveiling the Year 2023: Key Historical Events

The Digital Revolution: Transforming Education

In 2023, the world witnessed a significant leap in the digital revolution, and the field of education was no exception. With the advancements in technology, digital learning platforms and online examinations gained momentum. NECO embraced this digital transformation by introducing computer-based examinations, ensuring a seamless and efficient evaluation process.

NECO’s Expansion: Reaching New Horizons

As the demand for quality education increased in Nigeria, NECO expanded its reach in 2023. The examination body established more examination centers across the country, providing students from remote areas with easier access to examination facilities. This expansion broadened NECO’s impact and allowed more students to showcase their knowledge and skills.

Collaboration with International Bodies: A Global Perspective

Recognizing the importance of international collaboration, NECO actively engaged with various educational organizations worldwide. In 2023, NECO formed partnerships with international examination bodies, fostering knowledge exchange and promoting global standards in assessment. These collaborations enhanced NECO’s credibility and solidified its position as a reputable examination authority.

NECO History 2023 Answers: Frequently Asked Questions

FAQ 1: What is the format of NECO History examinations in 2023?

In 2023, NECO History examinations followed a computer-based format. Students were required to answer multiple-choice questions and provide written responses to essay questions. The computer-based format aimed to streamline the examination process, ensure accuracy in assessment, and enhance efficiency in result compilation.

FAQ 2: How does NECO ensure the integrity of its examinations?

NECO places great emphasis on upholding the integrity of its examinations. To ensure fairness and prevent malpractice, stringent measures were implemented in 2023. These measures included robust invigilation, the use of biometric identification, and the deployment of secure examination software. NECO’s commitment to maintaining the highest standards of examination integrity fosters trust in the results and promotes a level playing field for all candidates.

FAQ 3: Can students access their NECO History 2023 results online?

Yes, students can conveniently access their NECO History 2023 results online. After the completion of the examinations, NECO made the results available on its official website. Students were required to enter their examination details and personal credentials to access their individual results. This online result portal provided quick and efficient access to results, eliminating the need for physical result collection.

FAQ 4: Are there any scholarships or awards based on NECO History 2023 performance?

Yes, NECO History 2023 performance played a significant role in determining scholarships and awards. Several educational institutions, governmental and non-governmental organizations, offered scholarships and awards to outstanding performers in NECO examinations. The remarkable achievements of students in NECO History 2023 examinations opened doors to various educational opportunities and recognition.

FAQ 5: Does NECO provide resources to aid students in preparing for History examinations?

Absolutely! NECO understands the importance of adequate preparation and provides resources to aid students in their History examinations. The examination body offers past question papers, study guides, and online tutorials on its website. These resources equip students with valuable insights, enabling them to master the subject and perform excellently in their examinations.

FAQ 6: Can candidates request a remarking of their NECO History 2023 scripts?

Yes, candidates have the option to request a remarking of their NECO History 2023 scripts. However, it is important to note that there are specific guidelines and a deadline for such requests. Candidates should consult NECO’s official website for detailed instructions on the remarking process and the associated fees.


In conclusion, this article has shed light on the NECO History 2023 answers, providing an in-depth understanding of the subject matter. We explored the historical significance of NECO examinations, highlighted key events of 2023, and answered frequently asked questions. NECO’s commitment to excellence, integrity, and accessibility has made it a reputable examination body in Nigeria. As students continue their educational journey, NECO remains dedicated to shaping a brighter future through its rigorous assessments.

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