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A citizen is a person who is a legal member of and owes allegiance to a particular country he/she resides in which he/she enjoys full civil and political rights and will be ready to put his life at stake in defence of its territory when occasion calls for that
(i) Defence of the country: A citizen should be prepared to defend his/her country when it is threatened
(ii) Service to the nation: A citizen should not hesitate to serve his/her nation in any capacity he capable when called upon to do so.
(i)The media present all the programme and project of government go the people in the country
(ii)The mass media serve as an avenue through which political leaders champaign and present their manifestoes to the people.
(iii)The kind of party system in a country is made known to the citizens through the mass media
(iv)Every political jingle put forward by the political party and the political is revealed to the people through the mass media
(v)To generate opinion poll on public issues through mass media
local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state
(i)Choice of leadership: Local governments give people the opportunity to elect their own people as their representatives in the local government council. These personnel exercise governmental powers on behalf of the people, understand their people more than ’outsiders’ and are accountable to the electorate.
(ii)Familiarity: Local governments are more knowledgeable and thus better equipped to handle cases involving religion, matrimony, land, chieftaincy disputes, history and communal clashes between different communities in their areas.
(iii)The link between the people and the government: Local governments act as a link between the rulers and the ruled. They educate the people on the policies of the state and national governments and give government a feedback on the response and needs of the people.
(iv)Experimentation of government policies: The local governments are often used as experimental grounds for testing the policies and programmes of the government. The tests are often carried out in selected local government areas to determine the suitability of such programmes.
(i)the hugh Clifford constitution of 1922
(ii)the arthur Richard constitution of 1946
(iii)the john macpherson constitution of 1951
(i)The constitution introduced a parliamentary system of government.
(ii)It established two legislative houses at both the federal and regional levels.
(iii)It retained the federal structure with the regions having residual powers.
(iv)The federal prime minister and regional premiers had executive powers conferred on them.
(i)Multi-Ethnicity : Nigeria is a country with a lot of ethnic groups. As a result of this, it has brought about the cry of the minorities clamoring for their own state.
(ii)Power Sharing: Formula Power sharing has been one of the main issue militating against federalism in Nigeria.
(i)Governmental powers are shared between the Federal and State governments.
(ii)Its operation is backed up by a federal constitution, which is usually written and rigid in nature.
(iii)It ensures equal representation of all groups.
(iii) Dr. C. Vaughan
(i)It promoted national unity by composing its members from several ethnic groups in Nigeria.
(ii)It fought hard for the political independence of Nigeria.
(iii)It arouse modern nationalism among Nigerians.
(iv)It led to the formation of other political parties like, NCNC (1944) , AG (1951) and NPC (1951).
The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) External link is a socio-economic development flagship programme of the African Union (AU), adopted by African leaders at the 37th Summit of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) held in Lusaka, Zambia, in July 2001. NEPAD is thus a vision and framework that facilitates and coordinates the development of continent-wide programmes and projects, mobilizes resources, engages the global community, Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and AU Member States in the implementation of these programmes and projects.
(i) Eradicate poverty,
(ii ) Promote sustainable growth and development,
(iii) Foster integration of Africa in the world economy, and