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NECO Literature Questions and Answers 2021. Objective and theory answers (Expo), for the National examination council (June/July 2021. NECO Literature Objective and Theory Answers. This post will provide you with repeated questions as well as the answers to your NECO Literature Literature exam. This post will help you understand the NECO Literature objectives and answers.
NECO Literature 2021 Answers
Objective Literature in English (prose) – 3:15pm- 5:30pm
INSTRUCTION: Answer one question from each section.
SECTION I: No.2✅ & No.3✅ (Choose Any One)
SECTION II: No.5✅ & No.6✅ (Choose Any One)
Tally O is the dubious character who dupes Mama Orojo with the sale of fake gold. A man of duplicity of identities, he is fondly called I-Put-It-To-You. Until his death, no one knows he is the evasive and troublesome I-Put-It-To-You. Tally O is Joe’s intimate friend and partner in the illegal mining business, otherwise known as Dag Despite the enormous risks involved in the mining deal he puts pressure on Joe that they should go again. His account has been frozen by the new directives from the Central Bank. ’My account has been frozen, what should I do? Sit down and dry up?’ This has frustrated his plan to travel or engage in any other meaningful venture, so he continues in the crime. Evidently, Tally O is a hardened criminal that has persistently featured in the wanted list of the police as he keeps changing identity from one crime to another. As the narrator puts it, he has ’many selves and hopped out of one into the other within a breath a deft chameleon’. At a point, he sees criminality and his slippery nature with the police as a thing of fun. “The joy of digging for gold and dealing in imitation products’ form powerful impulse that propel him to go to the mine’ . It is at this point that it becomes glaring that he is the person that swindled Mama aboard her first flight to Ghana. On a very turbulent day in the jungle they call the mine, Tally is shot by security operatives. Considering the danger of allowing Tally O to continue to moan as a result of the gun wound, another member of Joe’s mining team raises an axe and split Tally O’s head. Should he be caught by the security operatives, they don’t want him to implicate them.
The death of Tally O confirms his earlier premonition that his end is near. It also serves as a warning to others that sooner or later the long arm of the law will catch up with them.The death must have also served as further encouragement to Joe to quit the criminal business. The death also illustrates the notion of poetic justice in the novel. Tally O had been involved in the killing of a guard in the past. Therefore, his death by a guard on this occasion is well deserved. The killing of Tally O by members of his own gang demonstrates the ruthlessness of criminals.<<============================>>
(i)Theme of Pan-Africanism:
Closely related to the issue of xenophobia in the novel is the principle of pan-Africanism. Pan Africanism is a global movement that aims at encouraging and strengthening the bond of solidarity among the people of African descent. Alex Agyei-Agyiri projects the philosophy of pan-Africanism in this story as the panacea to the mutual suspicion among many countries of Africa. It is the distrust and fear among African countries that fuel the xenophobic sentiment on the continent. The author therefore, proposes a pan-Africanist mindset that will foster the unity of the continent, which will not only encourage Africans to live in any part of the continent they may choose but also ensure that Africans may be warmly accommodated in the spirit of African brotherhood. This philosophy is embodied in the character of Massa who was a member of the African Unity Club while in school. According to Massa, ’We are Africans, and where one finds peace, there is one’s home also’. This is the author’s way of saying that Africa is home for all Africans, a position that resonates strongly with the pan-African movement of the early twentieth century. This is why Nii refers to Massa as ’a revived Marcus Garvey’ whom Nkrumah would have loved to have in his cabinet.
It would be recalled that Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana and Marcus Garvey of Jamaica were the strong voices that championed pan-Africanism. It is the bonding force of pan-Africanism which made it possible for traders from different parts of the continent to sustain the high economic activities in Kantamanto market. The effect of these activities brings about a bourgeoning Ghanaian economy. This is short-lived as a new regime loses the track of pan-African philosophy and sends the aliens away The collapse of Kantamanto market and the degeneration of a once booming economy becomes the direct consequence of this action. The author, therefore, demonstrates the collaborative possibilities of different countries of Africa in the marriage proposal between Mama Orojo and Joe. It is a proposal for the strengthening of the pan-African spirit. Joe’s suggestion to Mama that we can combine our resources, gold money and oil money’ is an obvious reference to Nigeria’s oil wealth and Ghana’s rich gold deposit. It is a way of promoting the interdependence of African countries and the need to pool resources together for a strong economic growth for the continent. Such proposition is an obvious call to rejuvenate the pan-African spirit.
(ii)Theme of Leadership failure:
Another theme that is very central in this novel is the theme of state failure. The author portrays Ghana as a country in severe economic upheavals. This is as a result of insensitive political and economic policies by the revolutionary government. In its ambition to curb corruption and bring sanity to the system, the government engages in a lot of retrogressive policies including evacuation of aliens, killing perceived enemies of the government and confiscating their properties, militarization of the markets and the decision to withdraw fifty-cedi denomination from circulation’ , thereby withholding people’s money. Marshak’s father, for instance, was shot for being ’a reactionary and a saboteur’, after which his property was seized. Many traders, including Auntie Joe, lose their lives as a result of the political and economic crises. The result of this is a sharp decline in positive economic activities, excruciating poverty and mass exodus of traders, professionals, academics and, indeed, any one that can find their way out of the country to the neighbouring countries, especially Ivory Coast and Nigeria. While some of the women like Marshak and Akosua engage in prostitution, the men engage in menial jobs that can hardly put three square meals on their tables, while others languish in abject poverty. It is as a result of such massive population of Ghanaians in Nigeria that the Nigerian government is also encouraged to enact the ’Ghana must go’ policy. As a result of the state failure of Agyei-Agyiri’s Ghana, illegality and fraud appear to be the only means of survival. While Joe and people of like mind become prosperous in the illegal mining of gold and diamonds, Nii, an assistant bank manager and Aaron, a PhD in Soil Science, languish in Nigeria.
(iii)Theme of Love:
There is a notable exploration of the subject of love, which cuts across filial love, conjugal love and romantic love in the novel. The idea of love is also explored in terms of mutual love and unrequited love. Mama is depicted in the novel as driven by filial love in her search for Nii. She travels all the way from Lagos, Nigeria to Accra, Ghana to locate her brother. When she does not see her on the second occasion, she travels to Koforidua from Accra to trace the last link to her brother Her mood and comments while the search lasts show how much affection she has for him. For instance, when she learns that Nii has gone to Nigeria at a time that coincides with Nigeria’s alien deportation order, she imagines the ordeal her brother could be going through. She cannot stop thinking and worrying, in fact, she cries and cries. Fortunately, the efforts that show Mama’s love for Nii do not go in vain, as both run into each other accidentally at a time of serious threat to Nii’s life.
There is also conjugal love between Nii and Massa. The love between this couple is projected as the ideal. It is love faithful to the nuptial vow of ’for better for worse’. Through serious adversity the couple sticks together, displaying affection and understanding, remaining faithful and devoted to each other, while resisting temptations and fighting hard. But for the failure of Nii to take Massa from the mortuary and carry out the necessary burial rites, the love between the two could have been described as perfect. With regard to romantic and mutual love, Mama and Joe’s relationship fits the profile. Both love each other deeply and genuinely. If genuine love is about sacrifice for the sake of the other, Mama and Joe’s love for each other provides a good example. Joe sacrifices his criminal but money-spinning business in order to get married to Mama. He also elects to follow her to resettle in Nigeria. Similarly, Mama, defies the council of Amen Kristi Church and insists on marrying an alien, rather than a member of her ethnic group. Both get married and live happily together. On the other hand, the romantic and genuine feeling love by Marshak for Nii is spurned by the latter. This rejection makes her to commit suicide, which shows that Marshak was really in need of love, and had taken up prostitution as a survival strategy.
NECO literature 2021 Answers
The theme of racial discrimination is a recurrent theme in African-American literature. The recurrence is because of the depth of the debilitating effect that it has had and still has on African Americans. As far back as 1619 when 20 Africans were forced into indentured servitude in Jamestown, Virginia, until 1865 when the American civil war ended, generations of Africans have suffered physical, physiological and psychological torture in the hands of the supremacist white Americans. These racist minded white Americans believe they are superior in every aspect of life to blacks and therefore cannot afford to be treated alike. From Jim Crow laws to the Ku Klux Klan sect, whites have always sought to live in a distinct world, free from the stench of the black scourge created by the black people. Unfortunately, now, years after the issue of racism has been supposedly buried, African Americans still live with the lingering effect of this menace.
In the novel, the Battle Royal one of the major incidents that foreground the issue of racism. The Narrator, alongside other black students, is forced to watch a nude white lady dance sensuously without showing any signs of being sexually aroused. After, they are blindfolded and made to fight one another for the white man’s entertainment. As if that is not enough, they are made to scramble for gold pieces, which they later discover are fake, on an electrified rug. After this torture, they are paid a paltry sum of five dollars each, except for Tatlock who is given ten dollars. The Narrator is then given a platform to deliver his speech. All through the speech, the white men are busy conversing, despite the Narrator’s obvious physical pain. However, when the Narrator mistakenly says, ’social equality’ instead of social responsibility’, he is almost lynched. One of the white folks tells him, ’we mean to do right by you but you’ve got to know your place at all times’. Another vivid depiction of racism is the sitting arrangement of the college trustees at the Founders’ Day celebration, which privileges the whites. Similarly, when the veteran doctor and the Narrator enter a bus for a trip to New York, they are mandatorily required to sit at the rear of the bus even though the bus is almost empty. All these are illustrations of the segregation that blacks suffer in the hands of whites.
The kind of treatment given to the Narrator at the factory hospital is another indication of racial discrimination. The white folks seize the fact that the Narrator is coloured or black, to experiment their electric shock treatment on him even though he does not need it. Moreover, when his body vibrates in reaction to the shocks, they laugh amongst themselves, saying that black folks too have rhythm. When one of the doctors questions if the treatment method can be applied to an Englander with a Harvard background, the operating doctor retorts that they are now discussing politics. When the Narrator is being dismissed and paid off, the director gloats about the policy of enlightened humanitarianism. Other illustrations of the theme of racial inequality and prejudice in the novel include the eviction of the black couple from their apartment by white marshals as well as the death of Clifton at the hands of a white police officer.
Ras the Exhorter, later known as Ras the Destroyer, is the mastermind behind the black group that is in strong opposition to the activities of the Brotherhood in the Harlem District. He, alongside his members, believes in the use of provocative speeches and violence. He is of West Indian extraction. He organizes rallies in the Harlem neighbourhood wherein he kicks against every form of unity with the whites. He goes as far as confronting members of the Brotherhood who speak against his beliefs, especially Brother Tod Clifton. To him, the Narrator is nothing but a whitewashed dummy who blindly obeys every instruction of his white masters. He considers the Narrator a traitor to the black race. Clifton who renounces his membership of the Brotherhood is, on the other hand, royalty. Clifton, from the perspective of Ras, is better than the Narrator because he has redeemed himself by leaving the Brotherhood. Events at the end of the novel reveal Ras to be as destructive as the proponents of other ideologies. He leads his fellow blacks to self-destruct so much so that some of them wonder why he is thirsty for blood when others are searching for loot.
Ras the Exhorter is used by the writer to represent the group of blacks who believe strongly that nothing good can come out of the unification of the black and white race. Based on their history and experiences of slavery, torture and pain from the whites, these people believe that blacks are to unite and fight their common enemy: the whites. To an extent, it can be said that this group of people are also blind in that by degrading the supposed superiority of the white man, they unconsciously project their superiority as blacks. By claiming that the white race represents everything evil, they portray the black race as being better. However, the carnage and destruction that occurs in Harlem, under Ras’ leadership show that he is also guilty of the very evil that he accuses whites of perpetrating.
Interestingly, Ras is the only character who quickly deciphers the oddities of the goals of the Brotherhood. He is obsessed with the black race and believes that blacks should fight against racial subjugation. Every time he gives a speech at Harlem, there is always a large crowd who converge to listen to him. The people love him. However, his ideas are violent in nature. He urges blacks to be confrontational in their dealings with whites. He is not a villain in the sense of the word. He only instigates the people to act. Towards the end of the novel, he is seen dressed a an African chief and riding on a horse. Because he is against the motives of the Brotherhood, be vilifies the Narrator and considers him a saboteur.\
NECO literature 2021 Answers