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WAEC Civic Education Questions and Answers 2022. For the National exam Council (June/July 2022. Civic Education Answers. This article will provide you with a variety of questions, as well as answers to the questions on your WAEC Civic Education exam 2022. This article will help you to understand what you will be asked in the WAEC Civic Education answers 2022.
WAEC Civic Education 2022 Answers
Civic Education 2 (Essay) – 09:30am – 11:30am
Civic Education 1 (Ob
jective) – 11:30am – 12:30pm
PLEASE NOTE: IN NO.6 AND NO.9, WE PROVIDED 2 DIFFERENT AND ACCURATELY SOLVED SOLUTIONS (MAINLY FOR THE TEACHERS/PRINCIPALS THAT WANTS THEIR CANDIDATES TO HAVE DIFFERENT SOLUTIONS. ENJOY!
NOW SOLVING AND TYPING…
(Pick Any Five)
(I)Poor orientations and low salaries Public servants get poor or no orientations about their jobs and various offices held. This is coupled with their low salary earnings as pea-nut which is another reason for the shortcomings in the public service.
(ii)Lack of qualified personnel: Most personnel in various public service offices either neglect their right jobs or have little or no experience about it but carry out such services due to their search for greener pasture.
(iii)Waste of manpower and resources: This is another form of over-staffing which leads duplication of offices in the ministries. It appears as a waste of man power and resources when the public service pays excess money for little efforts since there would be no much job for them to carry out in their various offices.
(iv)Corruption: The effectiveness of the public service has been slowed down by bribery and corruption to the extent that public servants failed to perform their official duties as they look forward to bribery before carrying out their jobs.
(v)Colonial influence: Most public corporations incorporated in Nigeria during the colonial era and no longer inform since the departure of colonial masters who were the initiators of this public services and corporation. The independence saga and influence brought about some shortcomings into the public service, as some of these public corporations were seized and manipulated by private individuals into their own private businesses.
(vi)Political instability : constant and regular change of top rank office holders in public service brings about constant instability of rules and regulations. This constantly leads to the shortcomings in the public service sector in Nigeria
(vii)Political interference: Many governments in power do not allow the free flow of duties dye to the undue interferences which at most times is only favourable to politician. They regularly fixed upon various tasks they are ignorant of , but only their political wings attached them to such jobs.
(vii)Inconsistency of government policies/Bureaucracy: In Nigeria, a change of government many times means changes in policies.Bureaucracy refers to excessive use of formalities in the public service, which militate against its effectiveness.
SECOND VERSION OF NO.6
(PICK ANY FIVE)
(i) Life coping skills: These refer to strategies used to help you get through difficult situations that life throws at you
(ii) Intellectual skills: These refer to the ways of thinking and problem-solving used by professionals in a field
(iii) Decision making skills: This is the ability to select between two or more alternatives to reach the best outcome in the shortest time.
(iv) Leadership skills: These are the strengths and abilities individuals demonstrate that help the oversee processes, guide initiatives and steer their employees toward the achievement of goals
(v) Negotiation skills: These are qualities that allow two or more sides to reach a compromise. These are often soft skills such as persuasion, planning, strategizing and cooperating
(vi) Motivational/self-actualization skills: These refers to the actions you take to elicit a desired outcome, response or behavior.
(vii) Communicative skills: This is the ability to convey or share ideas and feelings effectively.
(viii) Artistic skills: This is a particular skill or a flair for something, especially an artistic pursuit.
(ix) Interpersonal/human relation skills: These are the behaviors and tactics a person uses to interact with others effectively
(PICK ANY FIVE)
(i) To inculcate discipline in Nigerian youths by instilling in them a tradition of industry at work, and of patriotic and loyal service to Nigeria in any situation they may find themselves.
(ii) To raise the moral tone of the Nigerian youths by giving them the opportunity to learn about higher ideals of national achievement, social and cultural improvement
(iii) To develop in the Nigerian youths the attitudes of mind, acquired through shared experience and suitable training which will make them more amenable to mobilisation in the national interest
(iv) To enable Nigerian youths acquire the spirit of self reliance by encouraging them to develop skills for self employment
(vi) To contribute to the accelerated growth of the national economy by engaging them in different productive areas of national economy such as in farms, and in private enterprises.
(v) To develop common ties among the Nigerian youths and promote national unity and integration
(vi) To provide greater employment opportunities for the youths by ensuring greater job opportunities are available to the fresh graduates
FIRST VERSION OF NO.6
(i)The first important quality of a responsible parent is choosing the right partner, to prevent future disputes.
(ii)Responsible parenthood requires parents to consider their financial ability and plan on the number of children to give birth to, and cater for.
(iii)A responsible parent should be able to provide the needs of the family
(iv)A responsible parent should be able to detect when his or her partner and children are emotionally unstable and adjust to prevent uprising in the family.
(v)A responsible parent should be able to adopt peaceful strategies like mimicking, laughter, etc
(i)It breeds God-fearing/morally upright children
(ii)It breeds children with good leadership and citizenship qualities.
(iii)It trains children to know their rights and how to secure them.
(iv)It trains children to be peace-loving
(v)It trains children to abhor criminal/acts which reduces crime in the society.
Human rights simply means the absolute natural rights and privileges enjoyed by the citizens of any given state which are usually outlined by the constitution of the state.
Human rights means certain privileges enjoyed by every citizen in a country irrespective of gender,tribe or creed. Human rights are natural ,civil,politics and legal
Human rights are the basic natural rights which are essential for human existence and every citizen is entitled to.
(PICK ANY FOUR)
(i) Being detained by law for an offence committed
(ii) During wars, a person’s right can be violated
(iii) During a curfew
(iv) When a citizen has a contagious or an infectious disease.
(v) Declaration of a state of emergency
(vi) Acquisition of individual’s property by the state for public use
(i) To guarantee the liberty of citizens: It guarantees a total safeguard of human right, peace and unity in the society as the constitution is a body of laws and principles through which a state is ruled
(ii) To make sure the rights of citizens are not violated: Laws that are not written in the constitution are unknown to law, they cannot be exercised or sanctioned when violated.
(iii) To punish violators: The written form of human right gives room for a provision of a section for punishment of an offender or someone who infringed on someone’s right.
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WAEC CIVIC QUESTIONS 2022👇
WAEC Syllabus For Civic Education 2022/2023
NATIONAL ETHICS, DISCIPLINE, RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS
1) definition, 2) types, 3) importance of values to the society.
2 Citizenship and Nationalism
1) meaning of citizenship; 2) meaning of citizenship education; 3) goals of citizenship education; 4) duties and obligations of citizens; 5) meaning of nationalism; 6) ways of promoting national consciousness, integrity and unity in the society; 7) the nationalistic roles of individual and groups; 8) identification of local and world civic problems.
3 Human Rights
1) meaning of human rights; 2) categories of human rights; 3) characteristics of human rights; 4) meaning and historical background of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR); 5) meaning and identification of the seven core freedoms of UDHR; 6) importance of UDHR; 7) roles of individual, groups and government in UDHR; 8) limitations to the exercise of human rights.
4 Law and Order
1) definition of Law and Order; 2) the features of Law and Order; 3) the importance of Law and Order in the society; 4) meaning of constituted authority; 5) types of constituted authority; 6) importance and roles of constituted authority.
5 Responsible Parenthood
1) meaning of responsible parenthood; 2) roles of responsible parents; 3) importance of responsible parenthood in national development.
6 Traffic Regulations
1) meaning of traffic regulations; 2) traffic regulation and its importance in the society; 3) the roles of the individual and government in maintaining traffic regulations.
7 Inter- Personal Relationships 1) meaning of inter-personal relationships; 2) types of interpersonal relationships; 3) skills that promotes interpersonal relationships; 4) meaning of inter communal relationships; 5) importance of inter communal relationships; 6) meaning of inter-communal conflicts. 7) skills for resolving inter-communal conflicts.
SECTION B: EMERGING ISSUES IN THE SOCIETY
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1) meaning and origin of cultism; 2) different cult groups in Nigeria and their symbols; 3) reasons for cultism; 4) consequences of cultism; 5) ways of preventing cultism in the society.
9 Drugs and Drug Abuse
1) meaning of drug abuse; 2) drugs that can be abused; 3) how drugs are abused; 4) symptoms of drug abuse; 5) behaviors of drug addicts; 6) ways of preventing drug abuse; 7) government agencies working to prevent drug abuse/trafficking and their activities; 8) laws against drug abuse.
10 Human Trafficking
1) meaning of human trafficking; 2) causes of human trafficking; 3) effects and consequences of human trafficking; 4) efforts of government and individuals in stopping human trafficking.
1) meaning of HIV/AIDS; 2) causes of HIV/AIDS; 3) symptoms and effects of HIV/AIDS; 4) prevention of HIV/AIDS; 5) stigmatization of people living with HIV/AIDS.
12 Youth Empowerment
1) meaning of youth empowerment; 2) youth empowerment skills; 3) importance and benefits of youth empowerment skills. 4) efforts of government towards youth empowerment.
SECTION C: GOVERNMENTAL SYSTEM AND PROCESSES
13 Structure and Functions of Government
1) meaning of government; 2) structure/tiers of government; 3) functions of government.
14 Democracy, Rule of Law and National Development
1) meaning, types, and features of democracy; 2) importance of democracy; 3) pillars of democracy; 4) problems of democracy; 5) meaning of rule of law; 6) features of rule of law; 7) importance of rule of law; 8) problems of rule of law; 9) meaning of national development; 10) how democracy and Rule of law promote national development- good governance, employment creation and poverty alleviation etc.
15 Political Apathy
1) meaning of political apathy; 2) causes of political apathy; 3) consequences of political apathy; 4) why leaders fail to protect the interests of their followers;
5) how leaders can protect the interests of their followers;
6) ways of discouraging political apathy.
16 Civil Society and Popular Participation
1) meaning of popular participation; 2) types of popular participation; 3) the need for popular participation in the society; 4) traditional and modern modes of popular participation; 5) achieving popular participation in politics; 6) meaning of civil society; 7) functions / need for civil society; 8) qualities / characteristics of civil society; i.e. accountability, fairness, justice, equity etc. 9) problems of civil society; i.e. bribery and corruption, inadequate funding, over bearing influence of foreign donors etc.
17 Public Service in Democracy
1) meaning of public service; 2) functions of public service; 3) problems of public service; 4) reasons for the shortcomings in the public service; 5) ways of improving the public service.
Suggested Reading List
Politics and Administration in Nigeria. Ibadan: Spectrum Books Ltd, 1986. by ADAMOLEKUN, L.
Principles and Practice of Public Administration in Nigeria. Ibadan: Spectrum Books Ltd, 2000. by ADEBAYO, A.
Elements of Politics. Lagos: Sam Iroanusi Publications, 1999 by ANIFOWOSE, R. & F. ENEMUO (eds)
The Substance of Politics, Eleventh Edition. Madras: Oxford University Press, 1975. by BANJI, K.
1999 Constitution of Federal Republic of Nigeria as Amended. Abuja: Federal Government Press, 2011. by FGN
Rage for Change, a Guide for Young Nigerians who Desire to Make a Difference. Lagos: Leap Africa, 2008. by LEAP AFRICA
Milestone Comprehensive Civic Education for Senior Secondary Schools, Books 1 & 2. Owerri: Milestone Publishers Limited, 2012. by MENEKE, O.A. and NWEBO, I.
Citizenship Education and Nigerian Culture. Lagos: T-Excel Publishers, 2000. by NWAUBANI, O.O.
Reading on Campus Secret Acts. Ile-ife: O.A.U Press Ltd, 1997. by OGUNBAMERUN, O.A.
Reading on Campus Secret Acts. Ile-ife: O.A.U Press Ltd, 1997. by OKUNLOYE, R.W., et al
Reading on Campus Secret Acts. Ile-ife: O.A.U Press Ltd, 1997. by OLURODE, L. & O. SOYOMBO (eds)
Straight-Gate Civic Education for Senior Secondary Schools, Books 1 & 2. Ibadan: Straight-Gate Publishers Ltd, 2012. Government For Senior Secondary Schools. Lagos: Longman Nig Ltd, 1990. by ONI, E.O., et al
Introduction to Political Science. Ibadan: Oyediran Consults International, 1998. by OYEDIRAN, O., et al.
HIV/AIDS: Hope in the Midst of Despair. Lagos: Megarona (West Africa) Ltd, 2005. by OYEDIRAN, O.
Basic Civic Education for Senior Secondary Schools, SS 2. Owerri: Maybiks Nigeria Publisher. by TANYA, R.H.
Basic Civic Education for Senior Secondary Schools, SS 2. Owerri: Maybiks Nigeria Publisher. by UKEGBU, M.N., et al.
Human Right: the International Bill of Human Rights. New York: United Nations Organization, 1993
Reading on Campus Secret Acts. Ile-ife: O.A.U Press Ltd, 1997. by UNO
Civic Education for Senior Secondary, Books 1, 2 & 3, UBE Edition. Lagos: Learn Africa PLC, 2011.
Readings in Campus Violence. Lagos: John West Publications Ltd, 2004.APPADORAI A.
(i)To educate the citizens on their Right and duties
(ii)to make the citizens aware of what is happening in the country
(iii)to help the citizens participate I. The political government affairs of the country
(iv)to educate the citizens on the laws of the land
(v)to make the citizens to avoid reporting politics mistakes made in the past
(i) Volunteer to support democratic institutions (League of Women Voters).
(ii)Express concern about the welfare of the community as a whole (environment, public health and safety, education).
(iii)Help to make the community a good place to work and live (by becoming involved with public service organizations, tutoring, volunteering in nursing homes).
(iv)democratic society requires the active participation of its citizens.
(v)citizens help the community service to gain skills. These skills can range from teaching to medicine to construction and more.
(i)Contracted between broken skin
(ii)Contracted by wounds
(iii)Contracted by mucous membranes
(i)Low levels of access: to antiretroviral treatment remains an issue for people living with HIV, meaning that there are still many AIDS-related deaths in Nigeria.
(ii)Punitive laws against: homos__xuality mean that men who have s__x with men face difficulties accessing HIV services.
(iii)Nigeria also has the fourth largest tuberculosis epidemic in the world, with HIV and TB co-infection now becoming an increasing concern for people living with HIV.
(i)Lack of trust in governance. This is different from the dislike of politicians. In this case, this is an issue of not believing in the way of governance and lacking the interest to see governance improve. Most people also have lost hope of a better governance and therefore a reason for their political apathy.
(ii)Campaign violence. Due to the level of violence that always occur during the build-up to elections, most people stay away from electoral process for the safety of their lives. Also, the violence was seen during campaign always damage the credibility of most political parties and their candidates among the people. And because of this, the level of political apathy keeps growing.
(iii)Lack of credible candidate. Since the beginning of the post-military era, there has been a continuous cycle of politicians. People do not have so many options from which they vote.
(iv)Weak security measures during elections. Most people believe that their votes are not secured during elections. This is as a result of the history of election rigging, snatching of ballot boxes, disruption of voting centres by thugs, etc. And as a result, people don’t participate in the voting process.
(v)The popular belief that the votes don’t count. Most Nigerians believe that their vote do not count. This is one of the main reasons why a lot of Nigerian always refuse to turn out for voters registration. And during elections, most decide to stay back at home because of the general feeling and belief that their votes will have no impact on the outcome of the election
Waec 2019 Civic Education Obj And Theory AnswerS
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Civic Eductaion OBJ:
100% ACCURATE OBJ
Justice is what we as a society regard as “right” based on our moral concepts of ethics, rationality, law, religion, equity and fairness, in other words, justice is the proper application of law.
the figure 1. Is called Lady justice and labeled part is explained Bellow
(i)Scales: Lady Justice is most often depicted with a set of scales typically suspended from one hand, upon which she measures the strengths of a case’s support and opposition.
(ii)Blindfold: Lady Justice has often been depicted wearing a blindfold. The blindfold represents impartiality, the ideal that justice should be applied without regard to wealth, power, or other status.
(iii)Sword: The sword represented authority in ancient times, and conveys the idea that justice can be swift and final.
(i)They lie; They have to tell lies to mislead people about where they were when they were really out buying or using drugs or alcohol. They have to lie about where the hundreds or thousands of dollars went. The more they feel they need drugs, the more likely they are to feel the need to lie.
(ii)They manipulate; They try to encourage good decisions but the addicted person is on a destructive track. The allure of the drugs is so powerful, she feels she needs the drugs to function, to be able to get through another day, to not get desperately sick from withdrawal. So she manipulates those who love her the most
(iii)They are very likely to be engaged in criminal acts; Eventually, the money runs out. They have pawned or sold everything of value. They owe friends and family money. There are no more assets but the drugs or alcohol have to be obtained.
At this point, many people will begin committing crimes. Selling or manufacturing drugs are common ones.
(iv)An addict will shift the blame; this person may have lived their prior life as a highly responsible individual, drug addiction steals that quality away. Whatever happens is never his fault. If he gets fired from a job, it’s the boss’s fault, the addict was unfairly targeted. If he gets in a car accident, it was totally someone else’s fault. If he fails at some activity, those close to him will be blamed.
(v)An addict is very likely to become abusive; It’s tragic that an addict’s blame can even take a violent and abusive form. With the delusional thinking common to most addicts, he can perceive those around him as being threatening, dangerous or malicious. As he shifts the blame, he may physically, mentally or emotionally attack those he blames
(i)HIV: is a virus spread through certain body fluids that attacks the body’s immune system, specifically the CD4 cells, often called T cells. Over time, HIV can destroy so many of these cells that the body can’t fight off infections and disease.
(ii)AIDS: is the most severe phase of HIV infection. People with AIDS have such badly damaged immune systems that they get an increasing number of severe illnesses, called opportunistic infections.
(iv) Night sweats.
(v) Muscle aches.
(vi) Sore throat.
(viii) Swollen lymph nodes
(ix) Mouth ulcers
Political apathy is the lack of interest in politics and political activities by the citizens of a country. When citizens are not interested in the political programmes of a country due to one reason or the other, political apathy is said to have taken place, e.g. the cold feet Nigerians often develop during elections which makes them not to go out to vote could be regarded as political apathy.
[Pick any TWO] (i) Corruption will set in when dishonourable people fill the vacuum created by the absence of credible citizens.
(ii) There will be no accountability on the part of the
government because the people that are supposed to keep the government and the leaders in check have shown no interest in the affairs of the country.
(iii) There will be emergence of an undemocratic government
(iv) Political apathy breeds lawlessness and disorderliness in society
[Pick Any FOUR] (i) Encouraging credible opposition in the political process in order to give the people wider choices.
(ii) Encouraging the people to become favourably disposed towards joining popular groups to enhance
(iii) Encouraging popular participation in elections.
(iv) Defending the fundamental human rights of citizens.
(v) Making leaders accountable to the people who elected them.
(vi) Ensuring good governance which inspires confidence in the citizens to participate in political activities.
WAEC 2020 CIVIC EDUCATION ANSWERS – EXPO RUNS
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Civic Education 2 (Essay) 9:30am – 11:30am
Civic Education 1 (Objective) – 11:30am – 12:30pm
SECTION A: You are required to answer at least ONE Question From This Section
Citizenship education is a type of education which instills desirable values, attitudes, skills and knowledge into individuals to enable them participate in the affairs of their group or adjust functionally as good citizens.
(i) It helps to promote democratic values among citizens
(ii) It helps the citizens to recognise their civic rights and responsibilities
(iii) It encourages citizens to play a helpful part in the lives of their neighbourhoods, communities and the wider world
(iv) It encourages respect for different national, religious and ethnic identities
Inter communal relationship is a relationship which exist between two or more communities. One of the major objectives of the Government is to ensure that the Government is close to the members of the community and provide a forum where local people can defend themselves and also develop their local communities.
(i) Provision of political development: A good and positive inter communal relationship helps to promote political development of different kinds and ensures that concerned communities participate in issue related to the development of the community.
(ii) Promotion of peace and unity: A positive inter communal relationship will help to promote peace and unity in the community.
(iii) Enhancement of security: It ensures stable and standby security consciousness in the community. It will help to remove fear of violence, war or any kind of between communities.
(iv) Promotion of tribal Marriage: When there is a good relationship between different communities, it becomes easy for communal/tribal marriage to take place. Positive inter-communal relationship will enhance willingness for the communities to give out their sons and daughters to others from another tribe.
(v) Promotion of economic Progress: A responsible and positive inter-communal relationship will enhance peaceful atmosphere and strategies for each other or each other business like inter marketing strategies etc.
SECTION B: You are required to answer at least ONE Question From This Section
(i) Report missing persons to security agencies as soon as possible
(ii) Educate the vulnerable younger citizens on the various tactics traffickers employ.
(iii) Organize awareness campaigns and demonstrations against human trafficking.
(iv) Encourage their representatives in national and state assemblies to legislate better immigration laws and penalties for offenders.
(v) Powerful individuals like monarchs should use their traditional offices to strongly warn against trafficking in their jurisdictions such as the example set by the reigning Oba of Benin, Oba Eredieuwa, who issued a stern warning and placed a curse on traffickers, resulted in reduced trafficking among his people.
SECTION C: You are required to answer at least ONE Question From This Section
(i) Lack of participation in elections: Political apathy culminates in a docile mass of citizens, who do not take part in civic duties especially in the aspect of voting and electoral activities.
(ii) It leads to unchecked governance: A situation where citizens are unbothered and care less about the governance of their societies, thus they do not seek reforms or redress on bad policies of government.
(iii) It brings about corruption: Political apathy encourages wide spread corruption, nepotism, abuse of power and other negative tendencies arising from an unchecked regime.
(iv) Political Apathy threatens Democratic dispensation: When a politician wins an election in a high voter apathy political election, such a winner wins with a minority vote. Such a vote doesn’t give the winner confidence that he/she is a popular political representative in a given area.
(v) Political Apathy retards community and national developmental processes: A situation where political leaders spend more time, justifying that he or she is current ward councilor, member of parliament or a current president instead of concentrating on facilitating development related projects to meet the expectations of electorates.