WAEC Fisheries 2022 Questions & Answers

Fisheries (Alternative B) 2 (Essay) – 2:30pm – 4:30pm
Fisheries (Alternative B) 1 (Objective) – 4:30pm – 5:10pm


FISHERIS OBJ:
1-10: BACDBACDBD
11-20: CCDBCBDDCD
21-30: ABACADBBAA
31-40: DABBBCCACA


(5a)
(i) Angling
(ii) Noodling
(iii) Flounder tramping
(iv) Spearfishing

(5b)
(i)Epsom salts (Magnesium sulfate)
(ii) Limestone (Calcium carbonate)
(iii)Use of chemical additives
(iv)Pond filtration

(5c)
(i)Open pond method
(ii) The ’Hapa’ Method
(iii)Production of All-Male Fingerlings
(iv)Hormonal Sex Reversal

(5di)
(i) Fish Liver Oil
(ii) Fish Body Oil
(iii) Fish Silage

(5dii)
(i) It prevent the blood from clotting.
(ii)Slow the development of plaque in the arteries
(iii)It’s used as an ingredient in animal feed, and is treated separately from fish meal due mainly to differences in the production process.

(5e)
(i) Needles
(ii) Fishing Twine


(4a)
(i) Light penetrates only a short distance, and photosynthesis is reduced
(ii) Oxygen production during the daytime is relatively small.
(iii) Both the growth of the fish and of their natural food organisms can be badly affected.
(iv) It can affect fish directly by injuring their breathing organs
(v) It lowers production rate

(4bi)
Inbreeding is the mating of fish more closely related than the population average.

(4bii)
(i) Rrapid growth potential
(ii) Higher resistance to dissolved oxygen deficiency and adverse water quality
(iii) Strong appetite
(iv) Omnivorous feeding regime.

(4c)
DRAW CROSS SECTION OF A TYPICAL FISH POND

(4di)
Partial harvesting: This can be done when bigger fish are removed to allow smaller ones space to grow before total harvesting.

(4dii)
Total harvesting: This is carried out at the end of a production cycle or in cases of emergency like diseases outbreak.


(2ai)
(i)Trawls and dredges
(ii)Seine nets

(2aii)
(i) longlines
(ii) Traps and pots.

(2b)
(i) Use mesh rod covers when transporting your fishing rods.
(ii) Keep your rods straight and together while on the boat.
(iii) Remove any hooks or lures after fishing

(2c)
(i)The possibility of fishing in all available depths.
(ii)The possibility of fishing on any slope of the bottom.
(iii)The possibility of fishing in almost all habitats in lake/ reservoir.

(2d)
(i) Handline
(ii) Yoke
(iii) Mesh
(iv) Braille lines
(v) Lead lines

(2e)
(i)pH; METTLER TOLEDO
(ii)Turbidity; nephelometer
(iii)Temperature; thermometer
(iv)Conductivity; METTLER TOLEDO
(v)Dissolved oxygen; METTLER TOLEDO


(1ai)
A feeding regime is a plan that specifies a diet, amount and schedule of nutritional intake.

(1aii)
(i) By hand
(ii) By automatic feeders
(iii) By demand feeders

(1aiii)
(i) It is possible to adjust the feed requirements of the fish.
(ii) You don’t have to be present to feed your fish.
(iii)The level of the feed in the container is a good indication of the condition of the fish.

(1bi)
Monoculture is the cultivation or growth of a single crop or organism especially on agricultural or forest land

(1bii)
Polyculture is the practice of growing more than one crop species in the same space, at the same time.

(1biii)
Integrated fish farming systems refer to the production, integrated management and comprehensive use of aquaculture, agriculture and livestock, with an emphasis on aquaculture.

(1ci)
Monoculture:
(PICK ANY TWO)
(i) It leads to specialization in the production of a specie
(ii) It is easy to monitor individual fish species performance/growth
(iii) There is no undue competition among the fish for space and feed
(iv) Fish of different ages can be stocked and harvested at different times

(1cii)
Polyculture:
(PICK ANY TWO)
(i) It is suitable for extensive fish culture systems
(ii) It is easy to raise many fish species
(iii) It is less labour intensive
(iv) farmer is insured against total loss of fish stocked
(v) It is used to control prolific breeding habits
(vi) It allows for higher fish production
(vii) It reduces pollution as different fish species feed on waste and algae
(viii) It allows for better utilization of space

(1ciii)
Integrated fish farming:
(PICK ANY TWO)
(i) Provides multiple sources of income
(ii) Minimizes cost of production
(iii) esults in optimum utilization of resources such as labour, capital and farmland
(iv) Provides multiple food products from the same farm
(v) It helps in energy conservation by utilizing waste from other enterprises
(vi) Farmer is insured against total loss of income/resources


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